Friday, October 18, 2013
Bhagavad Gita As It Is -
Chapter 13 Text 23
bharta bhokta mahesvarah
paramatmeti capy ukto
dehe 'smin purusah parah
upadrasta--overseer; anumanta--permitter; ca--also; bharta--master; bhokta--supreme enjoyer; maha-isvarah--the Supreme Lord; parama-atma--the Supersoul; iti--also; ca--and; api--indeed; uktah--is said; dehe--in the body; asmin--this; purusah--enjoyer; parah--transcendental.
Yet in this body there is another, a transcendental enjoyer, who is the Lord, the supreme proprietor, who exists as the overseer and permitter, and who is known as the Supersoul.
Srila Prabhupada gives this example in his lecture on this sloka (October 22, 1973, Bombay, India); Just like the landlord and the tenet: the tenet is the occupier and the landlord is the owner. Similarly, I am the occupier of this body and Krishna, Paramatma, is the owner of this body. This is knowledge.
In dealing with the idea of the "permitter" he says; You insist (on) permission; "I want to do this", and without permission you cannot do it. Therefore, Krishna gives you permission; "All right you do it, but at your risk". Krishna does not want that you should do it but you want to do it.
Even with the idea of karma, free will is still there.